How Many Languages in India?. In the previous articles, we have given National Tree of India (Banyan) and How to Open a School in India. Today we are discussing official languages of India. India is a vast country, with a lot of cultural and geographical diversities. This has resulted in a number of different languages spoken across the country. Some of these languages are accepted nationally, while others are accepted as dialects of particular regions. All these languages originated from the great languages of the past, with most of them belonging to several major linguistic families, like Indo-Aryan (spoken by 70% Indians), Dravidian languages (spoken by 22% Indians), Austro-Asiatic languages and Tibeto-Burman linguistic languages
The Indian language is hugely complicated and diverse and has been shaped, like most things in India, by years of cultural variety, regional differences, race, money, religion, and war. The origins of the languages of India bring with them great stories and history which blends in with the wonder and mystery that so makes India so hard to define.
About The Indian Language
India is a country of different and contrasting cultures and its linguistic chart is just as diverse. There is no such thing as the ‘Indian language’ as there are 17 (recognized) major regional languages in India, however, the different dialects in India number several hundred and the number of actual spoken languages reach over 2500. Similarities in people’s mother tongues are easy to find making language classification a difficult issue since it is hard to prove which are just dialects of the same language or which make separate languages up.
According to the Constitution of India, there are 22 recognized national languages at the moment. The Eighth Schedule, which contains the official list of the Indian languages, originally included 14 acknowledged languages but since the 71st and the 92nd Amendments, a further 8 were added to this list.
The 22 recognized languages are as follows: Assamese, Bengali, Bodo, Dogri, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri (sometimes called Meitei), Marathi, Nepali, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Santali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu. The official languages of the Union of India are Hindi and English.
Indian States, their Capitals, and Languages
|Sr.No||State||Capital||Major Language Spoken||Other Language Spoken|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad||Telugu||Urdu, Hindi and Tamil|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Itanager||Bengali||Nepali, Hindi and Assamese|
|3||Assam||Dispur||Assamese||Bengali, Hindi, Bodo and Nepali|
|4||Bihar||Patna||Hindi||Maithili and Urdu|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Raipur||Hindi||Bengali and Oriya|
|6||Goa||Panaji||Konkani||Marathi, Hindi and Kannada|
|7||Gujarat||Gandhinagar||Gujarati||Hindi, Sindhi, Marathi and Urdu|
|8||Haryana||Chandigarh||Hindi||Punjabi and Urdu|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||Hindi||Punjabi and Nepali|
|11||Jammu and Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer)
|Kashmiri||Dogri and Hindi|
|12||Jharkhand||Ranchi||Hindi||Santali, Bengali and Urdu|
|13||Karnataka||Bangalore||Kannada||Urdu, Telugu, Marathi and Tamil|
|15||Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||Hindi||Marathi and Urdu|
|16||Maharashtra||Mumbai||Marathi||Hindi, Urdu and Gujarati|
|17||Manipur||Imphal||Manipuri||Nepali, Hindi and Bengali|
|18||Meghalaya||Shillong||Bengali||Hindi and Nepali|
|19||Mizoram||Aizawl||Bengali||Hindi and Nepali|
|20||Nagaland||Kohima||Bengali||Hindi and Nepali|
|21||Odisha||Bhubaneswar||Oriya||Hindi, Telegu and Santali|
|23||Rajasthan||Jaipur||Hindi||Punjabi and Urdu|
|25||Tamil Nadu||Chennai||Tamil||Telugu, Kannada and Urdu|
|28||Uttrakhand||Dehra Dun||Hindi||Urdu, Punjabi and Nepali|
|29||West Bengal||Kolkata||Bengali||Hindi, Santali, Urdu, Nepali|
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